6. RESEARCH INSTITUTES

Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS)
http://www.library.yale.edu/un/acuns.htm
Founded in 1987, the Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS) is an international professional organization of scholars and practitioners concerned with the United Nations. The secretariat of the Academic Council is headquartered at the Center for International and Area Studies of Yale University.

African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD)
http://www.accord.org.za

The African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD), a South African-based organization involved in Conflict Resolution, Peacekeeping and Preventive Diplomacy throughout the continent in Africa (Durban, South Africa). See especially the ACCORD's Peacekeeping Programme:
http://accord.org.za/programmes/peacekeeping/peacek.htm
cedric@accord.org.za

The African Society of International and Comparative Law
http://www.asicl.org/

402 Holloway Road, London N7 6PZ
Tel. (0171) 609 3800 Fax. (0171) 609 5400
asicl@asicl.org

American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP)
http://www.acep.org/

National Headquarters, P.O. Box 619911. Dallas, TX 75261-9911
Washington Office, 1111 19th Street NW #650, Washington, DC 20036-3603
membership@acep.org

Asian Disaster Preparedness Center. (ADPC)
http://www.adpc.ait.ac.th

Asian Institute of Technology, POB 4, Kluong Luang, Pathumthani, 12120 Thailand
Adpc@ait.ac.th

Asian Disaster Reduction Center in Japan (ADRC)
http://www.adrc.or.jp/top.asp

See also the list of training organisations
http://www.adrc.or.jp/training.asp

The Aspen Institute
http://www.aspeninstitute.org/

http://www.aspeninst.org/
The Aspen Institute is an international nonprofit educational institution dedicated to enhancing the quality of leadership through informed dialogue. It convenes men and women who represent diverse viewpoints and backgrounds from business, labor, government, the professions, the
arts, and the nonprofit sector to relate timeless ideas and values to the foremost challenges facing societies, organizations, and individuals.
The Aspen Institute, One Dupont Circle, N.W., 7th floor, Washington, DC 20036
Voice: (202) 736-5800; fax: (202) 467-0790.
kodonnell@aspeninst.org

The Australian Institute of Criminology
http://www.aic.gov.au

See no 116 in "Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice Series", entitled "Firearms Related Violence: The Impact of the Nationwide Agreement on Firearms."

Bluer Web'n Applications: Education
http://www.kn.pacebell.com/wired/bluewebbn/fr_Education.html

The Bonn International Center for Conversion
http://www.bicc.uni-bonn.de
The Bonn International Center for Conversion (B.I.C.C.) is an independent non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and facilitating the processes whereby people, skills, technology, equipment, and financial and economic resources can be shifted away from the defense sector and applied to alternative civilian uses.

B'Tselem
http://www.btselem.org
B'Tselem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories

Cambodian Institute of Human Rights
http://www.ned.org/grantees/cihr/index.html

CIHR Mission : To help Cambodia succeed in its democratic transition by promoting human
rights, gender awareness, free and fair elections, democratic institutions, good governance, culture of peace, and gender equality. #30 Street 57, P. O. Box 550, Phnom Penh Cambodia
Tel and fax (855) 23 362 739; tel (855) 15 912 607 e-mail: CIHR@forum.org.kh
e-mail: CIHR@camnet.com.kh

Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict
http://www.ccpdc.org/index.htm

Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict (CCPDC). The Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict was created by the Corporation in 1994 to address the looming threats to world peace posed by intergroup violence and to advance new ideas for preventing and resolving deadly conflict. Using the results of innovative research, the commission's sixteen eminent international leaders and scholars aim to provide policymakers with practical means for preventing mass violence. The Commission's publications include reports, background papers, and a comprehensive final report that will be issued in winter 1997­98 and disseminated widely as a guide to prevention at national and international levels. Its offices are at 1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Suite 715, Washington, DC 20036-2103. Phone (202) 332-7900. Fax (202) 332-1919.

Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs
http://www.cceia.org

170 East 64th Street, New York, NY 100021-7478 USA

The Carter Center
http://www.cartercenter.org/

The Carter Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30307 USA.
The Carter Center, in partnership with Emory University, is guided by a fundamental committment to human rights and the alleviatgion of human suffering; it seeks to prevent and resolve conflicts, enhance freedom and democracy, and improve health. The Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia is a nonprofit, nonpartisan public policy institute founded by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and his wife, Rosalynn, in 1982. The Center is dedicated to fighting disease, hunger, poverty, conflict, and oppression through collaborative initiatives in the areas of democratization and development, global health, and urban revitalization. At present Carter Center programs have touched the lives of people in 65 countries.

CECI
http://www.ceci.ca/

The Canadian Centre for International Studies and Cooperation (CECI) is a
non-profit corporation whose general mission is to contribute, through human and financial resources, to the advancementn of people in the South and to promote sustainable and participatory development through international cooperation.
80, St.Catherine Street East, Montréal, Québec Canada, H2X 1K9
Information in English, French and Spanish
Info@ceci.ca

Centre for Conflict Resolution
http://ccrweb.ccr.uct.ac.za/

The Centre for Conflict Resolution seeks to contribute towards a just peace
in South Africa and elsewhere in Africa by promoting constructive, creative and co-operative approaches to the resolution of conflict and the reduction of violence.
Associated with the University of Cape Town, the Centre is based in theWestern Cape but works nationally and internationally to fulfil its mission. Mediation, facilitation, training, education and research comprise the Centre's main activities, with an emphasis on capacity building.
University of Cape Towm, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
Mailbox@ccr.uct.ac.za

Center for Defense Information - Caucasus
http://www.cdi.org/issues/Europe/ncaucasus.html

The Center for Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance
http://www.payson.tulane.edu/cdmha/
The Center for Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CDMHA) is joint project of Tulane University and the University of South Florida, in partnership with the United States Southern Command. The center has been established "to promote collaborative training, research, education, and communication services with civil-military agencies throughout the western hemisphere to ensure operational readiness in humanitarian and consequence management missions". Its focus is hazard and disaster management in the Caribbean and Latin America. Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118-5687
news@payson.tulane.edu

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
http://www.cdc.gov/

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, is an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services.

Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
http://www.wcl.american.edu/pub/humright/

American University, College of Law, Washington DC 200016, USA
Humlaw@wcl.american.edu

Center for International Development (U. of Maryland)

Center for International Health and Cooperation (CIHC)
http://www.cihc.org/

850 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10021
CIHCnyc@aol.com
See also the website page of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland on the "International Diploma on Humanitarian Assistance" (IDHA):
http://www.rcsi.ie/academic_depts/int_health_tropicalmed/links_idha.html
See also http://www.angelfire.com/mn/gamble/ida.html

Center on International Cooperation (CIC)
http://www.nyu.edu/pages/cic/

Center on International Cooperation, New York University. The Center on Internation Cooperation (CIC), an independent institute established at New York University in 1996 promotes policy research and international consultations on multilateral responses to transnational problems. Working with officials of government and intergovernmental agencies, as well as corporate and civil society leaders, the Center seeks to clarify the economic, political, legal and institutional foundations of effective international coorperation. It focuses on such diverse sectors as international justice, humanitarian assistance, development aid and international health. The Center's international and multidisciplinary staff assess current needs and financing sources and, as necessary, explore the appropriateness and feasibility of alternative sources of funding and institutional arrangements. We intend these efforts to produce practical policy recommendations and help to increase the public understand necessary to implement and sustain essential multilateral activities.

Center of Excellence, Disaster Management Humanitarian Assistance
http://coe.tamc.amedd.army.mil

Center of Excellence, Disaster Management Humanitarian Assistance
1 Jarrett White Road, Tripler AMC, Hawai 96859-5000 USA

Centre for Indigenous Natural and Cultural Resource Management
http://www.ntu.edu.au/cincrm/

Centre for Indigenous Natural and Cultural Resource Management
Northern Territory University
Darwin NT 0909 Australia
cincrm@ntu.edu.au

Centre de recherches Droit international 90
http://www.di90.org

45, avenue Trudaine, F-75009 Paris
di90@di90.org

Center for Refugees Studies (York University)
http://www.yorku.ca/research/crs/index.htm

The Centre for Refugee Studies (CRS) is an organized research unit of York University. Founded in 1988, the Centre for Refugee Studies is successor to the Refugee Documentation Project created in 1981 for the conservation and analysis of research documents and data collected by Operation Lifeline during the Indochinese Boat People crisis. In 1991, CRS was designated as a Centre of Excellence by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).
The Centre for Refugee Studies fosters interdisciplinary and collaborative research in all of its undertakings. Our efforts are focused in areas related to a comprehensive research programme expanding from theoretical to institutional research on the aforementioned areas of study. In carrying out this research, CRS networks with Canadian and international development agencies and academic institutes. CRS invites scholars from abroad to share in the research. Canadian and international students are supported to undertake field studies and conduct related research. Joint research activities with institutions in the developing world are underway. CRS plays a significant role in an advisory capacity with Canadian government and other agencies.
In the field of education, the General Certificate programme allows students in the undergraduate programmes (Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Atkinson College and Glendon College) to register specifically for the Certificate and to specialize formally in the area of Refugee and Migration Studies and to be awarded the Certificate concurrently with the BA or BES. Students who already have an undergraduate degree can be admitted as special students by the relevant faculties and complete the requirements to receive a Certificate in Refugee and Migration Studies. The Graduate Diploma program offers incentive and recognition to students whose academic focus is on refugee-related issues. The Graduate Diploma programme was developed and passed by the Graduate Faculty Council and subsequently the York Senate in April 1991. The diploma is awarded concurrently to the graduate student who complete the diploma requirements and the degree requirements. CRS communications initiatives involves acquisition efforts through data collection in our Andrew Forbes Resource Centre, a comprehensive publications program including the periodical REFUGE, and a full program of seminars, workshops and conferences.
Centre for Refugee Studies, York University, Suite 322, York Lanes
4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3
refuge@yorku.ca

Center for Security Studies and Conflict Research
http://www.fsk.ethz.ch/

Center for Security Studies and Conflict Research
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zentrum/ SEI
CH-8092 Zurich ­ Switzerland

Center for the Study of Human Rights (Columbia University)
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/humanrights/index.html

Established at Columbia University in 1978 to promote the teaching and research of human rights in their national and international contexts, activities of the Center cover all disciplines and address both theoretical and policy questions. Support for the Center is provided in the form of project-specific grants, along with an endowment fund initiated by The Ford Foundation
1108 International Affairs Building Columbia University, Mail Code: 3365 , New York NY 10027 USA
cshr@columbia.edu
See also Columbia's training in Forced Migration & Health
http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/sph/popfam/teach/mph_migrate.html

Children and Armed Conflict Unit
http://www2.essex.ac.uk/c&acu

The Children and Armed Conflict Unit was established by the Children's Legal Centre, an independent NGO, and the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex. The project is partly funded by the British Government Department for International Development. Its joint Directors are Carolyn Hamilton, Director of the Children's Legal Centre, and Francoise Hampson, Professor of Law at the University of Essex. The Unit's Patron is Graca Machel. Armedcon@essex.ac.uk

Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO)
http://www.ciaonet.org

Columbia University Center for the Study of Human Rights
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/humanrights
1108 International Affairs Building, 420 West 118th Street, New York, NY 10027
cshr@columbia.edu

Conciliation Resources
http://www.c-r.org

Consortium for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)
http://sedac.ciesin.org/
Consortium for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)
4251 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48105 USA

Copenhagen Peace Research Institute (COPRI)
http://www.copri.dk/

Fredericiagade 18, DK-1310 Copenhagen K, Danemark
See also the "International Peace Research Association" (IPRA)
http://www.copri.dk/ipra.html

Council on Foreign Relations
http://www.foreignrelations.org

The Council on Foreign Relations was founded in 1921 by businessmen, bankers, and lawyers determined to keep the United States engaged in the world. Today, the Council is composed of men and women from all walks of international life and from all parts of America, dedicated to the belief that the nation's peace and prosperity are firmly linked to that of the rest of the world. From this flows the Council's mission: to foster America's understanding of other nations - - their peoples, cultures, histories, hopes, quarrels, and ambitions - - and thus to serve our nation through study and debate, private and public.
58 East 68th Street, New York, NY 10021
webmaster@cfr.org

Deutsche Stiftung für internationale Entwicklung (German Foundation for Development)
http://www.dse.de/

The German Foundation for International Development (DSE) provides a forum for development policy dialogue and offers initial and advanced training of specialists and executive personnel from developing and transitional countries. In addition, it supports experts of German technical and cultural cooperation, and their families, in their preparation for assignments in developing countries, and maintains the largest documentation and information centre on development cooperation issues in Germany.
Hans-Böckler-Str. 5 D-53225 Bonn
dse@dse.de

Emergency Nutrition Network (ENN)
http://www.tcd.ie/ENN/
Department of Community Health & General Practice ,Trinity College
199 Pearse Street, Dublin 2 Ireland
Tel.: 353 1 6082676 / 6081087
Fax: 353 1 6705384
foreilly@tcd.ie

Environment and Conflicts Project (ENCOP)
http://www.fsk.ethz.ch/encop/

Center for Security Studies and Conflict Research, Zurich, Switzerland.
A development of global importance seems to be the increase in environmental pollution and destruction, as well as an increase in human exploitation of natural resources beyond the limits of renewability. The resulting ecological problems often transcend traditional borders of nation states and are becoming an ever more important source of conflict between competing groups and interests. Ecological degradation in many cases coincides with population growth, poverty and overexploitation of scarce resources, the cumulative effects of which tend to produce violent conflicts. The first goal of ENCOP is to take stock of the many different types of inter- and intranational conflicts that have turned violent and are caused by (or in combination with) ecological degradation. The second goal of ENCOP is to develop an early warning system indicating areas of potential ecological conflicts. The third goal is to work out proposals for preventing such latent conflicts from escalating into wars, and/or to work out proposals contributing to an effective management of existing violent conflicts.

Vol. I Bächler, Günther; Böge, Volker; Klötzli, Stefan; Libiszewski, Stephan; Spillmann, Kurt R.: Kriegsursache Umweltzerstörung. Ökologische Konflikte in der Dritten Welt und Wege ihrer friedlichen Bearbeitung, Rüegger Verlag: Zurich, Chur 1996. 400 pp.
Vol. I is the main part of the report. It provides an encompassingsynopsis on the issue of environmentally caused conflicts. Theauthors conclude that environmental degradation and resource scarcity combined with other stress factors like overpopulation,economic decline, and political instability are already the cause of numerous current violent conflicts and wars in the international system. In most cases, the environmentally induced violence is sub-national and affects the poorest regions in the developing world.

Vol. II Bächler, Günther; Spillmann, Kurt R. (Eds.): Environmental Degradation as a Cause of War - Kriegsursache Umweltzerstörung. Regional and Country Studies of Research Fellows - Regional- und Länderstudien von Projektmitarbeitern, Rüegger Verlag: Zürich, Chur 1996. 700 pp.
Vol. II documents the case studies performed by the members of the ENCOP team. The regional issues treated are: Environmental degradation and intra/interstate conflicts in Bangladesh; The impact of ecological degradation on the civil war in Sudan; Environmental degradation, donflicts and peaceful resolution in Nigeria; The water and soil crisis in Central Asia; Water disputes in the Jordan basin; Battle on an ethno-political and ecological basis in Rwanda; Large-scale mining, ecological transformation, and violent conflict.

Vol. III Bächler, Günther; Spillmann, Kurt R. (Eds.): Environmental Degradation as a Cause of War - Kriegsursache Umweltzerstörung. Regional and Country Studies of External Experts - Regional- und Länderstudien von externen Experten, Rüegger Verlag: Zürich, Chur 1996. 440 pp.
Vol. III documents the case studies performed by external experts. Among the issues treated are (selection): Fresh water as a source of conflict; Conflict and Cooperation between Mexicoand the USA in the Colorado and Rio Grande basins;Cooperation or Contention in the Lower Mekong River; China's environmental refugees; The struggle between Tuaregs and the central government of Niger; Ecologically caused ethnic and transborder conflicts in the Senegambian region; Environmental conflicts in the Amazon Region of Brazil.

Environmental Law Institute (ELI)
http://www.eli.org

ELI convened a special research seminar focused on the environmental impacts of war. "Environmental Consequences of War: The Kosovo Conflict" examined the environmental and health impacts of the NATO action in Kosovo, in the context of the international law of war. On November 11, 1999, Jay Austin (ELI Senior Attorney) discussed NATO and Serb actions during the conflict, their legality under existing law, and the opportunities for legal and institutional reform to deter and address the environmental consequences of future conflicts. On the same site see "Addressing The Environmental Consequences Of War" by J. William Futrell, President, ELI . See also the "First International Conference on Addressing Environmental Consequences of War: Legal, Scientific, and Economic Perspectives", Washington DC, June 10-12, 1998 http://www.eli.org/ecw/agen.htm with interesting contributions from legal and environmental experts. 1616 P St., NW, Suite 200 , Washington, DC 20036 (202) 939-3800 USA

ERCOMER ­ The European Research Centre on Migration and Ethnic Relations
http://www.xs4all.nl/~ajkosten/
Utrecht University, NL-3584 CS Utrecht The Netherlands
ajkosten@fsw.ruu.nl
ajkosten@xs4all.nl

European Centre for Conflict Prevention
http://www.euconflict.org

Achter de Dom 20, NL-3512 JP Utrecht, The Netherlands
Euconflict@euconflict.org

European Master's Degree in Human Rights and Democratization
http://hrd-euromaster.venis.it

Organized by 15 University in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, with the support of the European Union, the Region of Veneto and the Municipality of Venice
See the links to the participating universities
http://hrd-euromaster.venis.it/general_info/university-addresses.htm

Fondation Hirondelle (Pour une information en cas d'urgence)
http://www.hirondelle.org

3, rue Traversière, CH-1018 Lausanne Switzerland
Phone : 41 21 647 28 05 Fax : 41 21 647 44 69
mdomeniconi@hirondelle.org

Foundation Global Ethic ("Weltethos Stiftung")
http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/stiftung-weltethos

Weltethos Stiftung für interkulturelle und interreligiöse Forschung, Bildung, Begegnung.
Waldhäuser Str. 23, D-62076 Tüningen Germany (Prof. Dr. Hans Küng, President)
Office@stiftung-weltethos.uni-tuebingen.de

Friedrich Ebert Foundation
www.fes.de

Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP)
http://www.gcsp.ch
Rue de Lausanne 69, POB 1295, CH-1211 Geneva 1 Switzerland

George Lucas Educational Foundation
http://www.glef.org/

Georgetown U. Institute for the Study of Diplomacy
http://data.georgetown.edu/sfs/programs/isd/
yostc@gunet.georgetown.edu

GIPRI
http://www.spn.ethz.ch/gipri/

GEOWARN
http://wwwghcc.msfc.nasa.gov:5678/GEOWARN.homepage.html
Global Emergency Observation, Warning and Relief Network (GEOWARN), a concept under study at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, is now available for public access.

Global Emergency Medicine Archives
http://gema.library.ucsf.edu:8081

Global Emergency Medicine Archives

The Global Transformation Network
http://heiwww.unige.ch/gtnet/

The Global Transformation Network, hosted at the Geneva (Switzerland) Graduate Institute for International Studies, is a loose association of academic institutions and scholars from around the world who are working on various aspects of multilateralism and the evolution of world politics. This web page is a "clearinghouse" (or at least will become one!) for the activities of the GTNet, in conferences and workshops, publications, panels at scholarly meetings, and contact information. GTNet is a successor to the five-year programme on Multilateralism and the United Nations System that was directed by Professor Robert W. Cox (York University), and sponsored by the United Nations University. The MUNS program focused particularly on the forces that have constrained and opened possibilities for the growth of multilateralism, and on the interaction of processes of global structural change with the institutional and policy development of multilateralism.

Go Ask Alice!
http://www.goaskalice.columbia.edu/

The health question and answer Internet site produced by Alice! Columbia University's Health Education Program, a division of the Columbia University Health Service http://www.alice.columbia.edu

Graduate Institute of Development Studies (Institut Universitaire d'Etudes du Développement - IUED)
http://www.unige.ch/iued/

CP 136, CH-1211 Geneva 21 Switzerland
Iued@unige.ch

Graduate Institute of International Studies
http://heiwww.unige.ch/

Institut Universitaire de Hautes Etudes Internationales (IUHEI),
132 rue de Lausanne, CH-1202 Geneva Switzerland
See also a collection of documents, treaties and bibliographies
http://heiwww.unige.ch/humanrts/

Hague Academy of International Law
http://www.hagueacademy.nl/

Hague Academy of International Law

The Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID)
http://www.hiid.harvard.edu

The Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID), created in 1974, is Harvard University's multidisciplinary center for coordinating development assistance, training, and research on Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, and Latin America...

The Humanitarian Assistance Training Inventory (HATI)
http://www.reliefweb.int/training/

is maintained by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs/ReliefWeb project, which aims to strengthen the response capacity of the humanitarian relief community
through the timely dissemination of reliable information on prevention, preparedness and disaster response.
Craig Duncan , ReliefWeb Geneva
hati@reliefweb.int

The Humanitarianism and War Project
http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Watson_Institute/H_W/

The Humanitarianism and War Project reviews the experience of the international community in responding to complex emergencies around the world. The Project examines the interaction between humanitarian action and political-military forces.
H&Wproject@brown.edu

HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATIONAL CENTER
http://hreduc.bel/
The Human Rights Educational Center is a regional, nonpolitical, nonprofit NGO. The association was registered with the Department of Justice of Minsk on December 22, 1997
P.O.Box 93 Minsk-141 220141 Belarus
hrytsuk@ns.iboch.ac.by or martsev@ns.iboch.ac.by

ICS
http://www.olografix.org/webrefugee/

This site was born from a proposal appeared on the www.repubblica.it
forum, a challenge that succeeded in gathering the enthusiasm, the will to help and the solidarity of the Internet world, in providing each one's knowledge for the making of the project. We wanted to make real the idea that computer technology can be helpful to rebuild the memory of a people, the people of Kosovo, whose identity has been erased even in its simplest symbol, the identity card. We started from this to offer a service, first of all, a piece of paper for a new beginning. We hope we succeeded and we thank all those who contributed to this initiative with their work and with great sensitiveness, believing in our idea, and helping us overcome logistic problems that we couldn't overcome by ourselves. Site linked with Refugee Republic http://www.refugee.org/

INCORE
http://www.incore.ulst.ac.uk/cds/themes/truth.htnl
Initiative on Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity (INCORE), University of Ulster,
Aberfoyle House, Northland Road, Londonderry BT48 7JA

INRIA
http://www.inria.fr

IDASA (Institute for Democracy in South Africa)
http://www.idasa.org.za/
Idasa is an independent public interest organisation committed to promoting a sustainable democracy in South Africa by building democratic institutions, educating citizens and advocating social justice.

Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester
http://www.man.ac.uk/idpm/

Institute for Development Policy & Management University of Manchester Precinct Centre Manchester M13 9GH U.K.
See the online paper on ICT Technology and Poverty Alleviation:
http://www.man.ac.uk/idpm/idpm_dp.htm#devinf_wp
richard.heeks@man.ac.uk

Institute of Human Rights of the University of Deusto (Bilbao,Spain)
http://www.deusto.es/ingles/inglpags/estui03.htm
The Institute of Human Rights Pedro Arrupe was founded by the University of Deusto in 1997 in response to the pressing social demand for an academic contribution to the promotion of human rights and long-lasting peace in a democratic society.
University of Deusto Institute of Human Rights
Avda. de las Universidades, 24; Apdo. 1 48080 BILBAO Spain
aurquiol@idh.deusto.es
See the Specialisation in Humanitarian assistance
http://www.deusto.es/ingles/inglpags/estui03.htm
mailto:secretaria.general@deusto.es

Institute for Public Accuracy
http://www.accuracy.org

915 National Press Building, Washington, D.C. 20045 USA
ipa@accuracy.org

International Albert Schweitzer Foundation
http://www.schweitzer.org/

International Albert Schweitzer Foundation.

International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development
http://www.ichrdd.ca/

The International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development was established by an Act of the Parliament of Canada in 1988, and officially inaugurated in 1990. A Canadian institution with an international mandate, the Centre is an independent and non-partisan organization which initiates, encourages and supports the promotion, development and strengthening of democratic and human rights institutions and programmes as defined in the International Bill of Human Rights. Its mandate therefore covers civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights, as defined by the Universal Declaration and its two companion covenants.
Centre international des droits de la personne et du développement démocratique
63, rue de Bresoles, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2Y 1V7
ichrdd@ichrdd.ca

International Children in War Photo-Journalism
http://wwww.digitaljournalist.org/contents.html

International Crisis Group (ICG)
http://www.intl-crisis-group.org/
International Crisis Group (ICG), Washington DC, USA
See the "Who's Who in Kosovo"
ICG's latest report, "Who's Who in Kosovo" (August 31) offers a brief guide
to the leading indigenous political organisations and personalities in
Kosovo/Kosova. The report provides a brief overview of power bases and
political parties, including the Kosovo Liberation Army, information about
the Transitional Council and the Provisional Government and their
relationship with UNMIK and an alphabetical Who's Who.

Information for Development in the 21st Century
http://nt1.ids.ac.uk/id21/

This is the ID21 Development Research reporting service, a selection of the latest and best UK-based development research. This new online service offers hundreds of summaries of problem-solving work on critical development dilemmas around the world. This Information for Development in the 21st Century is drawn from: over 40 top UK research centres, conference papers, unpublished reports, research by aid and development agencies and pressure groups and research consultants

International Council for Social Welfare (ICSW)
http://www.icsw.org

icsw@icsw.org

International Development Network (IDN)
http://www.idn.org/
International Development Network (IDN). The IDN, currently located in Athens, Georgia, USA plans to eventually relocate the day to day operations to the Eastern Caribbean. Its goal is the research, assembly and dissemination of sustainable development information from all sources.

The International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
http://www.idrc.ca/

The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) is a public corporation created by the Canadian government to help communities in the developing world find solutions to social, economic, and environmental problems through research (Ottawa, Canada).
Cta@idrc.ca

International Famine Center (University College Cork, Ireland)
http://www.ucc.ie/famine/

The International Famine Centre at University College Cork aims to commemorate the more than one million people who died and nearly two million who were exiled during Ireland's Great Famine by working to prevent the present-day recurrence of famine elsewhere in the world.
The Centre is committed to research, advocacy, and action on the ground in countries threatened by famine. It brings together relief and development practitioners and academics drawn from the fields of geography, politics, agriculture, economics, sociology, anthropology, and others.
The Centre encourages networking between public and private action, South and North, between the economically rich countries and the disadvantaged in the Majority World.
A key goal of the Centre is to broaden and deepen the world's understanding of what famine is and is not. All too often, famines are viewed as natural disasters arising from failures of climate. The history of famine in Ireland demonstrates, however, that famines have their roots as much in political and economic relations as they do in the environment.
Thus, the Famine Centre at UCC promotes actions to counter three issues which it sees as crucially and inextricably interlinked:
* Famine and the Environment: food insecurity, environmental/climactic difficulty, sustainable development.
* Famine and Economics: global and local economic relations of inequality and exploitation leading to starvation.
* Famine and Politics: political or military conflicts with the World is poor as their victims.
The Centre co-ordinates and conducts applied research in these three areas, leading both to advocacy and to action on the ground. Ongoing projects of the Famine Centre are:
* War and Hunger - an investigation of the linkages between warfare and famine in Sub-Saharan Africa, to culminate in recommendations for future international aid.
* Do No Harm - a collaborative examination of how food aid can lead to unintentional increase in local conflicts, and what programming options exist to avoid this effect. Preventative training for relief workers is one outcome of this work.
* Famine Early Warning - the Centre is an Irish and European node for global systems of famine early warning and early advocacy based on climate information.
* World Trade Reform - the Centre is lobbying for reform of world agricultural trade so as to provide a level playing field for disadvantaged countries.
International Famine Centre, 8 Grenville Place,University College Cork, Ireland
Famine@ucc.ie

International Health Exchange (IHE), London
http://www.ihe.org.uk

International Institute of Humanitarian Law
http://tdp.dmw.it/iihl International Institute of Humanitarian Law (San Remo, Italy)

International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
http://iisd.ca/

webmaster@iisd.ca
See the "Knowledge Networks" ("Réseaux du savoir")
http://iisd.ca/k.networks.htm

International Relations and Security Network (ISN)
http://www.isn.ethz.ch/

ISN is a one-stop infoormation service in the fields of international relations and security. Among the services offered are: an annotated links library, a limited area search tool (ISN LASE), a selection of resources on current world affairs, and specialized fact databases. ISN also develops educational modules in the fields mentioned and acts as a platform for networking, dialogue and cooperation within the international security community. ISN was started in 1994 as a result of the first "International Security Forum" held in Zurich. It is coordinated and developed by the Center for Security Studies and Conflict Research ("Forschungsstelle für Sicherheitspolitik und Konfliksanalyse") at the ETH ("Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule") Zurich in cooperation with numerous internationational partners. This project is supported by the Swiss Government as an official part of Switzerland's participation in "Partnership for Peace" (PfP).

Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
http://www.iss.co.za/

POB 1787, Brooklyn Square, Pretoria 0075 South Africa
Iss@iss.co.za

International Victimology Website
http://www.victimology.nl/

The International Victimology Website (IVW) was created in response to a recommendation by the United Nations Economic and Social Council in Resolution 1998/21 United Nations Standards
and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. The recommendation urged the continued development of a database of relevant national practices, case law and legislation, and use and application of the United Nations Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power. The site is hosted by the Research and Documentation Centre of the Netherlands Ministry of Justice in cooperation with the United Nations Centre for International
Crime Prevention (CICP) in Vienna and the World Society of Victimology (WSV).
International Victimology Website , Ministry of Justice, Research and Documentation Centre (Room H 1301) POBox 20301 NL-2500 EH The Hague The Netherlands
information@victimology.nl

Institute for War & Peace Reporting
http://www.iwpr.net/

Lancaster House, 33 Islington High Street, London N1 9LH United Kingdom
Info@iwpr.net
See the situation in Caucasus (Chechnya):
http://www.iwpr.net/index.pl5?caucasus_index.html

Inter-American Institute of Human Rights
http://www.iidh.ed.cr/

POB 10.081-1000, San José, Costa Rica
See the Program for Educational Operations
o.educativas@iidh.ed.cr

International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
http://www.istss.org/
1999 Conference. Miami, Florida: November 14-17, 1999.
60 Revere Drive, Suite 500, Northbrook, IL
www@istss.org

Lester B. Pearson Canadian International Peacekeeping Training Centre
http://www.cdnpeacekeeping.ns.ca

The Lester B. Pearson Canadian International Peacekeeping Training Centre
Cornwallis Park, Nova Scotia, POB 100, Clementsport, NS, BOS1E0 Canada
Stitus@ppc.cdnpeacekeeping.ns.ca

Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights
http://www.umn.edu/humanrts/mnadvocates

Handbook on Human Rights in Situations of Conflict
Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights
310 Fourth Avenue South, Suite 1000
Minneapolis, MN 55415-1012 USA

Max-Planck Institute for Public International Law
http://www.mpiv-hd.mpg.de

Max-Planck Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht
Berlinerstr 48 , D-6900 Heidelberg Germany
See also: http://www.virtual-institute.de

Media Action International
http://www.mediaaction.org

Formerly known as the International Centre for Humanitarian Reporting.
Villa Grand-Montfleury, Versoix, Geneva, Switzerland
Egirardet@mediaaction.org

Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies (MEDAC)
http://mads.diplomacy.edu:81/

Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies, University of Malta, Msida, MSD 06, Malta
Unit@medac.comnet.mt

Musée international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge
(The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum)
http://www.micr.ch

17 ave. De la Paix, CH-1202 Geneva

Museo Internazionale della Croce Rossa
(International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum, Castiglione)
http://www.dsmnet.it/micr

Via Garibaldi n. 50, Castiglione delle Stiviere (Mantova) Italy
Micr@dsmnet.it

Museum of the Order of Malta (Compesières, Geneva, Switzerland)
http://www.smommuseum.ch

michele.zanetta@freesurf.ch

International Museum of Peace and Solidarity
http://www.friends-partners.org/~ccsi/nisorgs/uzbek/peacemsm.htm
The Samarkand-based International Museum of Peace and Solidarity is a non-profit, non-governmental institution which was set up by the International Friendship Club "Esperanto" in December 1986 in honour of the International Year of Peace. The Museum of Peace and Solidarity (the first such museum in the former USSR) is committed to the universal human values, dedicated to the promotion of peace through person-to-person contacts, culture and the arts, to the development of public awareness, concern and a sense of personal responsibility for the global challenges man faces here and now. Being a child of citizen diplomacy, the museum runs a wide range of voluntary educational activities and international projects - including literature, artwork, memorabilia, etc. - from over 100 countries.
Site hosted by the Center for Civil Society International (CCSI)
Center for Civil Society International 2929 NE Blakeley Street Seattle, WA 98105
ccsi@u.washington.edu

Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change
http://www.nps.gov/malu/kcpage.htm

The King Center was established in 1968 by Mrs. Coretta Scott King as a living memorial dedicated to the preservation and advancement of the work of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. for civil and human rights. Since that time The King Center has been actively engaged in teaching, interpreting, advocating and promoting the nonviolent elimination of poverty, racism, violence and war in quest of Dr. King's "Beloved Community".
The King Center , 449 Auburn Avenue, NE , Atlanta, GA 30312 USA

Museum of Tolerance
http://www.wiesenthal.com/

SIMON WIESENTHAL CENTER'S MUSEUM OF TOLERANCE
9760 West Pico Boulevard LOS ANGELES, CA 90035-4792 USA

Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center
http://www.colorado.edu/hazards/

Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado USA. See this
http://www.colorado.edu/hazards/colleges/colleges.html
for COLLEGES, UNIVERSITIES, and INSTITUTIONS Offering Emergency Management Courses. And
http://www.colorado.edu/hazards/sites/sites.html
See also the comprehensive list of upcoming disaster-related meetings and training: http://www.colorado.edu/hazards/conf.html

Norsk Untenriskspolitisk Institut (NUPI)
http://www.nupi.no

The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) was established by the Norwegian Parliament in 1959 for the purpose of promoting a better understanding of international issues in Norway. NUPI, Pb. 8159 Dep., N-0033 Oslo, Norway
EspenB.Eide@nupi.no

Peace & Conflict Studies Program at the University of Toronto
http://www.library.utoronto.ca/www/pcs/database/libintro.htm
Environmental Security Database. Maintained by the Peace & Conflict Studies Program at the University of Toronto, this database has potential as a powerful research tool for those studying the relationships between environmental stress and
violent conflict in developing countries. The database contains
information on = (but not the text of) over 20,000 items, including
books, journal articles, papers, and newspaper clippings. Users may
conduct searches using keywords, names, titles, or a special coding
system developed to permit "complex Boolean searches of the Database
to produce subsets of items relating to specific issues."

Peacenet (The Balkans Pages)
http://www.peacenet.org/balkans/index3.html

The Balkans Pages deal with the part of the Balkans formerly known as the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. Why did the country collapse? Why was that collapse followed by the bloodiest conflict in Europe since the World War II? Why the world stood by to mass murder of civilian population and systematic rape of women? Is the war ever going to end? Will countries that emerged there from the collapse ever be able to live together in peace? Is the UN or NATO assisted "ethnic cleansing" the only humane way to peace?

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
http://www.pik-potsdam.de

Telegrafenberg C4, P.O. Box 60 12 03, D-14412 Potsdam
pik@pik-potsdam.de

Programme for Strategic and International Studies (PSIS)
http://www.psis.org

The PSIS is a centre for reserach, information, documentation and consultation on questions of national and international security. POB 36, CH-1211 Geneva 21
Pesi@hei.unige.ch

The Refugee Databank
http://www.worldrefugeedatabank.org

The purpose of this project is to assist the refugees of the world to reunite with their loved ones. All are welcome here. If you have lost someone, or if you are a refugee relief worker, we invite you to come here often and use this tool in your search. We particularly encourage relief workers to come and enter records for those who are not able to do so themselves.
This database and its interface has been designed with the personal security of all who use it as the highest priority. Present addresses, phone numbers and other personal information entered into the database will not be displayed on a search result. Refugee camp information will be displayed, however, as those in camps are generally more secure than those in private homes. Items which are not displayed will only be given out at the direction of the person who entered the data.
world.refugee.databank@silent-running.com

Refugee Republic
http://www.refugee.org

Refugee Republic is a concept based on the ever increasing number of refugees, displaced persons and migrants. Refugee Republic is attempting to address the problem associated with this condition. Refugee Republic maintains that refugees are essentially unrealized capital and that their involuntary fate of an international avant- garde can be turned into productive assets.
Admin@Refugee.net

The Refugee Studies Programme (RSP)
http://www.qeh.ox.ac.uk/rsp/

The Refugee Studies Programme (RSP) is part of the University of Oxford's International Development Centre at Queen Elizabeth House. Its objectives are to carry out multidisciplinary research and teaching on the causes and consequences of forced migration; to disseminate the results of that research to policy makers and practitioners, as well as within the academic community; and to understand the experience of forced migration from the point of view of the affected populations.

The Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Center for Human Rights
http://www.rfkmemorial.org

A program of the Robert F. Kennedy Memorial, develops and carries out projects that promotes respect for human rights in the USA and around the world.
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial,1367 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 200
Washington, D.C. 20036
info@rfkmemorial.org

Rocky Mountain Institute
http://www.rmi.org/

Rocky Mountain Institute (Snowmass, CO, USA) is a nonprofit research and educational foundation with a vision across boundaries. Its mission is to foster the efficient and sustainable use of resources as a path to global security. The Institute creates, and helps individuals and the private sector to practice, new solutions to old problems--mainly by harnessing the problem-solving power of market economics and of advanced techniques for resource efficiency. Security, like sustainability, is the ultimate goal of all RMI's work. Defining security broadly as "freedom from fear of privation or attack," Rocky Mountain Institute devises and advocates policies that integrate economic, resource, military, environmental, cultural, and political considerations to ensure a better quality of life for future generations.

Salzburg Law School on International Criminal Law
http://www.sbg.ac.at/sls/

13-27 August 1999 ­ A two week summer course on International Criminal Law, International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law
Churfürststr. 1, A-5020 Salzburg Austria
Sls@sbg.ac.at

Société Henry Dunant Genève
http://www.shd.ch

Roger.Durand@shd.ch
10, ch. Haccius, CH-1212 Grand-Lancy Geneva Switzerland

South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR)
http://www.sairr.org.za

Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC)
http://www.splcenter.org/
The Center began as a small civil rights law firm in 1971. Now it is internationally
known for its tolerance education program, its legal victories against white supremacist groups, its tracking of hate groups and its sponsorship of the Civil Rights Memorial. Located in Montgomery, Alabama -- the birthplace of the Civil Rights Movement -- the Center was founded by Morris Dees and Joe Levin, two local lawyers who shared a commitment to racial equality. Its first president was civil rights activist Julian Bond, who continues his involvement in the Center's work today as President Emeritus.
Southern Poverty Law Center 400 Washington Avenue Montgomery, Alabama 36104 USA

Stanley Foundation
http://www.stanleyfdn.org

The Stanley Foundation (209 Iowa Avenue, Muscatine IA 52761) is an independent private operating foundation that conducts varied programs and activities designed to provoke thought and encourage dialogue on world affairs and to promote a secure peace with freedom and justice.
Stanley@stanleyfdn.org

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
http://www.sipri.se/

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Stockholm, Sweden

Sustainable Energy and Economy Network
http://www.seen.org/

SEEN is a project of the Institute of Policy Studies http://www.ips-dc.org/
And the Transnational Institute (Amsterdam) http://www.tni.org/

The Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research
http://www.transnational.org

Vegagatan 25, S - 224 57 Lund, Sweden
See the interesting links to resources relevant to peace research, non-governmental conflict -resolution in the field, non-violence, the Balkans, Georgia, Iraq and the sites of TFF associates:
http://www.transnational.org/links/index.html
and especially "Conflict Resolution in the Field":
http://www.transnational.org/links/conf_resolution.html
tff@transnational.org

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR)
http://www.unog.ch/unidir/

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR). UNIDIR is an autonomous institution within the framework of the United Nations. It was established by the General Assembly for the purpose of undertaking independent research on disarmament and related problems, particularly international security issues. The Institute has its seat at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

UN WIRE BUSINESS WEEKLY
http://www.unfoundation.org/unwirebw/index.html
United Nations Foundation
1301 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 700
Washington, DC 20036 USA
unwire@unfoundation.org

The United Nations University International Leadership Academy (UNU/ILA)
http://www.ias.unu.edu/introduction/information.htm

Announcement for The Third International Leadership Programme on
Leadership in Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping UNU/ILA,
Amman, Jordan, 23 September - 2 November 1999
The United Nations University International Leadership Academy (UNU/ILA) is the first United Nations institution - indeed the first world institution - globally devoted to leadership in its multifaceted dimensions.
The UNU/ILA is guided in its mission and activities by an international Advisory Board. HM Queen Noor of Jordan is Chair of the Board; HE Ambassador Hisashi Owada, former Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations, is Vice-Chair. The Advisory Board includes: Dr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Professor J.A. van Ginkel, UNU Rector and Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations, HE Mr. Jan Egeland, Norwegian Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and Dr. Bartolomé Mitre, editor-publisher of Diaro la Nación, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The UNU/ILA seeks to provide training in leadership skills and attitudes while fostering commitment to sustainable development, sustainable democracy, civil society institutions, and peaceful resolution of disputes. Through leadership training we seek to develop and strengthen responsibility, self-reliance, and commitment to service.
From 23 September - 2 November 1999, the UNU/ILA will organize the Third International Leadership Programme under a particular theme "Leadership in Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping." The programme will be approximately one month long at a subsidized participation cost of US$3,000. This is exclusive of travel to Amman and back home, but inclusive of seminar tuition fees, hotel accommodation, meals, local transportation and a study tour.
Financial assistance and scholarships may be available to qualified candidates from developing countries who can demonstrate their need for such assistance. Candidates must show evidence of leadership responsibilities, or potential for leadership, proficiency in English, personal maturity, and a sense of commitment to public service and social responsibility.
Applications are closed - deadline was 1 April 1999.
For further information please write to: The Director, UNU/ILA, c/o the University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan; fax: +962-6/533-7068 ; or send e-mail to: un2@ju.edu.jo.

University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/

Human Rights Center, University of Minnesota, 229-19th Ave. South,
Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA humanrts@gold.tc.umn.edu
hrlib@tc.umn.edu
European mirror (The Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva)
http://heiwww.unige.ch/humanrts/index.html
African mirror (University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg)
http://www.law.wits.ac.za/humanrts.html
Human Rights and Related Sources Available Through the Internet
http://www.umn.edu/humanrts/links/links.htm

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/
100 Raoul Wallenberg Place SW, Washington DC 20024-2150
education@ushmm.org
web_administrator@ushmm.org

Utrecht University Public International Law Collection
http://www.library.law.uu.nl/jb-vol/volkenrecht-eng.html

Utrecht University Public International Law Collection
See especially http://www.library.law.uu.nl/oorlog.htm for laws of war

Water, Land, People, Conflict
http://www.cdi.org/adm/1143/index.html

Today, the greatest threats facing any nation's security may not be military threat. Increasingly, they are complex issues related to the environment such as: population growth, water scarcity, pollution, and economic stability.
Center for Defense Information, 1779 Mass Ave NW, Washington DC 20036 USA
Crisis in North Caucasus (Chechnya and Dagestan) :
http://www.cdi.org/issues/Europe/ncaucasus.html

Woodrow Wilson Center - Environmental Change and Security Project
http://ecsp.si.edu

Geoffrey D. Dabelko, Director, Environmental Change and Security Project
Woodrow Wilson Center, 1000 Jefferson Dr., SW MRC 022
Washington, DC 20560 USA
gdabelko@erols.com

WHO Panafrican Emergency Training Centre
http://www.who.int/eha/

P.O. Box 3050 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
who.ptc@padis.gn.apc.org

The World Game Institute
http://www.worldgame.org/

The World Game Institute (Philadelphia, PA, USA) is a 25 year old not-for-profit education and research organization whose mission is to supply the perspective and information needed to solve the critical problems facing global society as we enter the twenty-first century. The concept of the World Game, or World Peace Game, was conceived by renowned architect, inventor and visionary R. Buckminster Fuller as a creative problem solving tool. Fuller saw the goal of the World Game to "make the world work for 100% of humanity, in the shortest possible time, through spontaneous cooperation, and without ecological offense or the disadvantage of anyone."

World Hunger Program
http://www.brown.edu/Departments/World_Hunger_Program/

World Hunger Program, Brown University

World Policy Institute
http://www.worldpolicy.org/

World Policy Journal (World Policy Institute, New School for Social Research),
65 Fifth Ave., Suite 413, New York, NY 10003 USA

Worldwatch
http://www.worldwatch.org/

Worldwatch is a nonprofit public policy research organization, based in Washington DC USA, dedicated to informing policymakers and the public about emerging global problems and trends and the complex links between the world economy and its environmental support systems.
In the November/December 1999 "World Watch Magazine" issue, Curtis Runyan looks at the rise of NGOs around the world and their role in policy making. Hilary French discusses global trade, the WTO and NGO involvement in pushing for reforms. David Roodman highlights a visit to Vietnam and Vietnamese communities organizing to fight pollution.
http://www.worldwatch.org/mag/1999/99-6.html


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