2. REGIONAL ORGANISATIONS

Agence intergouvernementale de la Francophonie :
http://agence.francophonie.org
L'Agence intergouvernementale de la Francophonie, opérateur principal de l'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, a été créée par la convention de Niamey (Niger) le 20 mars 1970 sous l'impulsion de trois chefs d'État africains : Léopold Sédar Senghor du Sénégal, Habib Bourguiba de Tunisie et Hamani Diori du Niger. Elle regroupe aujourd'hui 49 États et gouvernements qui, unis par les liens que crée le partage de la langue française, souhaitent, par des actions de coopération multilatérale, utiliser ces liens au service de la paix, du dialogue des cultures et du développement. L'Agence de la Francophonie est l'unique opérateur intergouvernemental de l'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.
13 Quai André Citroën, F-75 015 Paris / France
Téléphone : (33) 1 44 37 33 00 Télécopie : (33) 1 45 79 14 98
Cyberthecaire@francophonie.org

Andean Community
http://www.comunidadandina.org/
The Andean Community is an economic subregional organization with an international legal status. It is made up of Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.

Arctic Council
http://www.nrc.ca/arctic/

http://arctic-council.usgs.gov/
The Arctic Council was established on September 19th, 1996 in Ottawa, Canada. A high level intergovernmental forum, the Council provides a mechanism to address the common concerns and challenges faced by the Arctic governments and the people of the Arctic. The members of the Council are Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, the Russian Federation, Sweden, and the United States of America. The Association of Indigenous Minorities of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation, the Inuit Circumpolar Conference, the Saami Council, and the
Aleutian International Association are Permanent Participants in the Council. There is provision for non-arctic States, inter-governmental and inter-parliamentary organizations and non-governmental organizations to become involved as observers. The main activities of the Council focus on the protection of the Arctic environment and sustainable development as a means of improving the economic, social and cultural well-being of the north. The Council meets at the ministerial level biennially. The Chair and Secretariat of the Council rotates every two years among the eight Arctic States, beginning with Canada in 1996. At the AEPS Ministerial meeting held in Alta, Norway in June 1997, the existing working groups of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS) were integrated within the Council.

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
http://www.aseansec.org/

ASEAN. On 8 August 1967, five leaders (foreign ministers of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand) sat down together in the main hall of the Department of Foreign Affairs building in Bangkok, Thailand, and signed the ASEAN Declaration. By virtue of that document, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was born.

Baltic Assembly
http://www.saeima.lanet.lv/baltasam/

The Baltic Assembly is an organization consisting of sixty parliamentarians of the Baltic countries, twenty parliamentarians from each parliament: Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian.

Caribbean Community
http://www.caricom.org/expframes.htm

The Commonwealth
http://www.thecommonwealth.org/
The Commonwealth : a voluntary association of sovereign States with a membership of 51 countries, with populations ranging in size from a few thousand people to several hundred million. The Commonwealth is active in a number of diverse area, from observing elections to providing models for good health practices for women, from advising member countries on debt management to helping them negotiate better trade arrangements
See also "The Commonwealth publishes Human Rights Material for Schools":
http://www.thecommonwealth.org/index1.htm

The Council of Europe
http://www.coe.fr/eng/present/index.htm

See also:
http://www.dhdirhr.coe.fr/
The Council of Europe (COE) Web Site for Human Rights. Strasbourg (France)

Economic Reconstruction and Development in South East Europe
http://www.seerecon.org/

This European Commission / World Bank website aims to provide a real-time working tool to help donors identify the current situation in South East Europe and the macroeconomic needs of the countries. It also aims to provide an additional way for donors to coordinate their assistance and ensure that the countries of the region that were most affected by the recent crisis in Kosovo have access to adequate and complementary external financing.
See also "Aid Coordination and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: the West Bank and
Gaza Experience" Barbara Balaj and Christine Wallich (prepared for World Bank Operations
Evaluation Department) Spring 1999
http://www.seerecon.org/Kosovo/KosovoReconstruction/185precis.pdf

The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture
http://www.cpt.coe.fr/

The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT).

The European Union (EU)
http://europa.eu.int/

The European Union (EU).
http://www.eurunion.org/
The European Union Centers in the United States

The European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO)
http://europa.eu.int/comm/echo/en/present/manda_en.html

The European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO) is the unit of the European Commission that deals with humanitarian aid outside the European Union. ECHO's task is to ensure goods and services get to crisis zones fast. Goods may include essential supplies, specific foods, medical equipment, medicines and fuel. Services may include medical teams, water purification teams, logistical support. Goods and services reach disaster areas via ECHO partners, or through ECHO's own operational capacity. Since 1992, ECHO has funded humanitarian aid in more than 85 countries. In 1997, its grants covered emergency aid, food aid and aid to refugees and displaced persons worth a total of almost ECU 442 million.
See also http://www.disaster.info.desastres.net/dipecho/ the new Web site of ECHO's new Disaster Preparedness, Information, and Mitigation Program for Natural Disasters in the Caribbean: dipecho@codetel.net.do
And ECHO news: http://europa.eu.int/comm/echo/en/actual/index_en.html
As well as ECHO procedures for funding projects:
http://europa.eu.int/comm/echo/en/partners/etape_en.html
Day 1: Disaster strikes
-Stage 1: An NGO or an international organisation or a government or ECHO itself submits an application for aid.
-Stage 2: ECHO examines the application and consults the desk officers for the country concerned, the budget authority, the European Commission delegation on the spot and other Directorates-General. If the application is rejected, the organisation is informed immediately.
-Stage 3: If the application is accepted, procedural rules require the Commission to make a "proposal".
Day 4: Financial go-ahead
-Stage 4: The proposal is approved by Commission departments.
-Stage 5: The organisation is informed and the contract is signed.
Operations start up on the ground. At the same time:
-Stage 6: A copy of the operational contract is sent to the NGO for signature
-Stage 7: Rapid payments are necessary for aid operations. An advance is therefore paid out upon receipt of the signed contract.
Day 7: Payment of 50% to 80% of the funding granted
Operations continue
-Stage 8: An evaluation may be started at this stage.
-Stage 9: The programme is completed and a description of the operation and the accounts are sent to ECHO within three months. Three month later, ECHO's report
-Stage 10: The balance of the grant is paid out.
Projects generally last six months or less.
The list of eligible expenditures:
http://europa.eu.int/comm/echo/en/partners/depe_en.html
Relations between ECHO and its partners are governed by Framework Partnership Agreements, the purpose of which is to define roles and responsibilities in the implementation of humanitarian operations financed by the European Community :
http://europa.eu.int/comm/echo/en/partners/cont_en.html
ECHO's Partners listed here by country, with their details and, in some cases, their own commentaries: http://europa.eu.int/comm/echo/en/partners/parte_en.html

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
http://www.cidh.org

The Irish Department of Foreign Affairs
http://www.irlgov.ie/iveagh/

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)
http://www.nato.int/

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Brussels, Belgium

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)
Observatoire Européen des Drogues et des Toxicomanies (OEDT)
http://www.emcdda.org

The Lisbon-based European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is one of 11 independent agencies established by the European Community to work on specific topics ranging from education and training to the environment and drugs. The agencies' common aim is to achieve a degree of decentralisation in Community activities and to develop scientific or technical know-how in their particular fields.
Rua da Cruz de Santa Apolonia 23-25, PT-1149-045 Lisboa, Portugal
Info@emcdda.org

The Organization of American States (OAS)
http://www.oas.org/

The Organization of American States (OAS). See also:

-Inter-American Institute of Human Rights
http://www.iidh.ed.cr
Apdo 10081-1000, San José, Costa Rica instituto@iidh.ed.cr

-Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
http://www.paho.org/

The Pan American Sanitary Bureau is the Secretariat of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), an international agency specializing in health. Its mission is to cooperate technically with the Member Countries and to stimulate cooperation among them in order that, while maintaining a healthy environment and charting a course to sustainable human development, the peoples of the Americas may achieve Health for All and by All.
The PAHO Offices in Colombia, Ecuador and Nicaragua have their own disaster websites :
Internally Displaced Populations (IDP) Project, Colombia
http://www.disaster.info.desastres.net/col-ops/Desplazados.htm

PAHO Sub-Regional Office, Quito, Ecuador
http://www.disaster.info.desastres.net/PED-Ecuador/desastre/index.html
PAHO Office in Nicaragua
http://www.ops.org.ni/desastre/indexnew.htm

The Organization of African Unity (OAU)
http://www.oau-oua.org/
http://www.rapide-pana.com/demo/oua/rapid3.htm
The Organization of African Unity (OAU) is both the symbol and embodiment of age-old panafrican yearnings that found remarkable expression in the 19th Century epics of scattered African Communities the world over.

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
http://www.oecd.org/

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is a Paris-based intergovernmental organisation whose purpose is to provide its 29 Member countries with a forum in which governments can compare their experiences, discuss the problems they share and seek solutions which can then be applied within their own national contexts. The Organisation is thus entirely at the service of its Member countries. It forms a homogeneous entity in that each Member country is committed to the principles of the market economy and pluralistic democracy.
DAC Secretariat (OECD Development Co-operation Directorate)
maintains detailed records of aid flows, as shown in the charts below.
Other statistical information is available at http://www.oecd.org/dac
For work on peace and conflict issues, documents from the
"Informal DAC Task Force on Conflict, Peace and Development Co-operation"
are available at http://www.oecd.org/dac/htm/pubsfoc.htm

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
http://www.osceprag.cz/

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is a pan-European security organization whose 55 participating States span the geographical area from Vancouver to Vladivostok. As a regional arrangement under Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations, the OSCE has been established as a primary instrument in its region for early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation in Europe. The OSCE approach to security is comprehensive and co-operative. It addresses a wide range of security-related issues including arms control, preventive diplomacy, confidence- and security-building measures, human rights, election monitoring and economic and environmental security. All States participating in OSCE activities have equal status and decisions are made on the basis of consensus.
See also the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities
http://www.osceprag.cz/inst/hcnm/
P.O. Box 20062, NL- 2500 EB The Hague,The Netherlands
Hcnm@hcnm.org

INTERFUND ­ Southern Africa
http://www.interfund.org.za/

Founded in 1986, INTERFUND is an international development agency working in Southern Africa. INTERFUND is a consortium of donors based in Scandinavia and Europe who have pooled their resources around a common set of criteria and policies to advance development and democracy in Southern Africa. The consortium mobilises resources - financial and non-financial - to support the initiatives of voluntary sector organisations. Where appropriate it collaborates with government departments. INTERFUND seeks to forge effective partnerships between like-minded development organisations in the North and South, based on shared goals and working principles of openness reciprocity and joint initiative. INTERFUND appraises, finances, co-implements, monitors and evaluates programmes on behalf of its donors and member agencies. As well as funding, the consortium provides other forms of programme support, designed to improve the quality of development work. It facilitates exchanges of information and development experience, within Southern Africa and between North and South. It also lobbies actively on issues of social justice, the strengthening of the voluntary sector and the consolidation of democracy in Southern Africa. INTERFUND provides support to some 110 programmes in nine developmental sectors, ranging from land and rural development, to housing and local government, to promoting human rights and democratisation. In collaboration with the South African National NGO Coalition, INTERFUND publishes a quarterly journal Development Update, which is fast establishing itself as an unrivalled source of information and debate on the local voluntary sector and on development.
INTERFUND P.O. Box 32340, Braamfontein 2017, South Africa.
sadi@itfd.co.za


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